Role of Government in Education
The major role of the government is to ensure that every individual in India is educated. The Indian government comes up with new initiatives and plans in order to make sure that the literacy rate goes higher. In India, the state as well as the union government controls majority of the universities.
The major role of government as far as education is concerned is,
- To make sure that the education policy remains uniform are better implemented.
- To ensure that the funds are utilised properly.
- To provide effective and good quality leadership with better discipline.
- To provide improved education standards.
List of education plans
In 1968 and 1986, the National Policy on Education (NPE) was formulated by the Indian central government. The Programme of Action (POA) was also reinforced in 1992. Several measures were started by the government like the District Primary Education Programme (DPEP) and Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), which focused on everyone's education in India. The government had set up Navodaya Vidyalaya and various other schools in each district such as opening established universities and advanced female education.
One of the significant features has been SSA's extension to Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan, which is a form of secondary education. Focusing on the primary education, another special programme called Integrated Education for Disabled Children (IEDC) was initiated in 1974. This later changed to Inclusive Education at Secondary Stage.
Expenditure on Education Plans
Despite heavy investments made in education, around 25% of India's population still remains illiterate and merely 15% Indian students manage to pass high school. The NPE emphasises n spending a good amount on education, which is 6% of India's Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
For the tenth Five year Plan of 2002-2007, a spending of 65.6% from the overall budget of education of 438.25 billion rupees was outlined by the Indian central government. Out of the total budget, as much as 287.5 billion rupees was spent on elementary level education, about 9.9% or 43.25 billion rupees was used for secondary education and 9.5% or 41.765 billion rupees was spent on higher level education.
|Year||Expenditure (in Millions of Rupees)|
For financial year 2011-2012, the central government had allocated a sum of 38,957 crore rupees for Department of School Education and Literacy, which deals with primary level education. Within this allotment, about 21,000 crore rupees was spent for 'Sarva Siksha Abhiyan'.